06 Aug 2020

Consumers, especially individuals and small buyers, who were at the short end of the bargain when it came to market operations can now seek respite in the new consumer law which significantly turns the table in their favour. Further, the rapid development of technology and e-commerce has posed considerable challenges to adequate protection of consumers’ rights. The Consumer Protection Act, 2019 (“Act”) acknowledges these challenges and marks the commencement of an era of consumer rights which are in tandem with the changing dynamics of the new-age consumer expectations thereby making consumers the king in the true sense. The Act was notified on 9th August, 2019 and it came into force on 20th July, 2020, repealing and replacing the Consumer Protection Act, 1986 (“earlier Act”). The Act aims at revamping the process of resolution and settlement of consumer disputes to make it timelier and more effective.>>

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01 Aug 2019

While most debates surrounding the existence of a person before birth and after death are theological or philosophical in nature which could go on endlessly, the debate concerning the right of a yet-to-be-existent person needs to be settled conclusively. Especially, ascertaining property rights of an unborn is essential as it has a direct implication on the rights of other existent individuals. Although the Indian laws recognize the existence of an unborn as a legal person, rights are not granted until the birth of the child. Further, while a child in a mother’s womb is considered as a person for many purposes, the extent of the unborn child’s personal or proprietary rights has not been categorically determined. The unborn is regarded by legal fiction as already born for creation of interest in a property.>>

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