01 Aug 2019

While most debates surrounding the existence of a person before birth and after death are theological or philosophical in nature which could go on endlessly, the debate concerning the right of a yet-to-be-existent person needs to be settled conclusively. Especially, ascertaining property rights of an unborn is essential as it has a direct implication on the rights of other existent individuals. Although the Indian laws recognize the existence of an unborn as a legal person, rights are not granted until the birth of the child. Further, while a child in a mother’s womb is considered as a person for many purposes, the extent of the unborn child’s personal or proprietary rights has not been categorically determined. The unborn is regarded by legal fiction as already born for creation of interest in a property.>>

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25 Jul 2019

We often hear that various Government’s both at the central and state level are trying to achieve Ease of Doing Business (“EoDB”) and Ease of Living (“EoLiving”). However, in terms of land, both EoDB and EoLiving is still a distant dream. It must be noted that EoDB, with respect to land, has been adversely affected due to the existence of corrupt practices in land transactions, the existence of multiple litigations and lack of credibility of land records. Similarly, in order to achieve EoLiving, the concerns of the farmers and small landholders with respect to litigations, encroachments, etc., must be efficiently addressed. It is imperative that the aforementioned concerns are sufficiently addressed by the Government (both at the Centre and the States) through its initiatives which increases the confidence of the businessmen, investors, and people of India, in general, on the credibility of land titles.>>

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19 Jul 2019

Recurrent cases of insider trading in eminent corporates has necessitated periodic updation of regulations to meet the needs of the ever-evolving market. The social culture of casually discussing or watsapping Unpublished Price Sensitive Information (UPSI), that is not only difficult to track but also poses evidentiary challenge in the court, needed immediate overhauling. Further, placing all the investors trading in the secondary market on equal footing to ensure symmetrical flow of information among them is exemplar of the non-partisan philosophy that the regulatory authority strives to establish. Towards this objective, the Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI), on the recommendations of Shri T. K. Vishwanathan’s Committee on Fair Market Conduct, introduced a myriad of changes through an amendment to the SEBI (Prohibition of Insider Trading) Regulations, 2015 which came into effect in April 2019. Notwithstanding the earnest intention behind the modifications, the amendments are not infallible and could encounter a lot of implementation challenge.>>

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03 Jan 2019

The Department of Industrial Policy & Promotion (DIPP) released a Press Note on 26th December, 2018 (“Press Note”), which brought out major changes to foreign investment in E-Commerce Sector. The changes made, which have been slated to be brought into effect from 1st February, 2019, will trigger a significant shake-up for the major e-com players like Amazon and Flipkart.>>

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09 Oct 2018

The Companies (Prospectus and Allotment of Securities) Third Amendment Rules, 2018 (hereinafter “Rule(s)”) was published in the official gazette on 10th September, 2018 which is effective from 02nd October 2018. According to the Rules, the Ministry of Corporate Affairs, Govt. of India (hereinafter “MCA”) has mandated that every unlisted public company shall issue its securities only in dematerialised form and shall dematerialise all its existing securities as well.>>

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03 Oct 2018

Issuance of non-convertible debentures (NCDs) is one of most widely used methods through which companies have been raising money in the form of secured debt under private placement route. The issuance of NCDs are governed primarily through Sections 42 and 71 of the Companies Act, 2013 (‘Act’) read with the Companies (Prospectus and Allotment of Securities) Rules, 2014 (“Securities Rules”) and the Companies (Share Capital and Debentures) Rules, 2014 (“Debenture Rules”). The Ministry of Corporate Affairs recently issued the Companies (Prospectus and Allotment of Securities) Second Amendment Rules, 2018 (“Amendment Rule”) on 7th August, 2018, which brought out various changes to the rules in relation to issuance of securities under private placement method.>>

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17 Sep 2018

The status of the Home buyers under Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code (IBC) has been puzzling adjudicating authorities. The question was brought to forefront in public interest writ petition filed before Supreme Court[1] seeking relief for home buyers in Jaypee insolvency matter[2].  Apex Court initially granted stay and later directed that resolution plan should protect the interest of home buyers.>>

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07 Sep 2018

The Ministry of Civil Aviation of Government of India on 27th August 2018 issued Civil Aviation Requirements (CAR) for drones announced as Drone Regulations 1.0.  This Requirements would be effective from 1st December 2018.  The purpose of this regulation is to enable safe and commercial usage of civil drones, and is titled “Requirements for operation of civil remotely piloted aircraft systems (RPAS).  The erstwhile position of the Government by a notice dated 7th October 2014 was that Drones were banned.  Thereafter, draft of the drone Requirements was issued by DGCA on 21/04/2016 and thereafter on 01/11/2017.  With this Civil Aviation Requirements, private and commercial operation of drones are legal with a “No permission, no take off” policy.>>

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06 Sep 2018

The genesis of Foreign Portfolio Investor (FPI) can be traced to SEBI (Foreign Portfolio Investors) Regulations, 2014 (FPI Regulations). FPI Regulations consolidated the investments of foreigners in Indian Capital Market which was till then scattered under Foreign Institutional Investors and Qualified Foreign Investor route. The object clause of the FPI Regulations state that it is to put in place a framework for registration and procedures with regard to foreign investors who propose to make portfolio investment in India.>>

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